Fortunately, things seem to be starting to look up and we're excitedly planning our garden for this year. We're new to all of this, so we're frantically tapping all the resources we can. This plan was drawn using the free trial version of Mother Earth News' garden planner with information from many, many resources. The quick reference guides we used extensively were The Self Sufficient Life and How to Live It, by John Seymour, and this chart on Wikipedia.
Plants in this garden plan were arranged, to the best of our knowledge, to benefit one another, and help keep pests under control. It is very much a work in progress, however, and constructive criticism and advice is more than welcome!
Without further adieu: please check out garden plan v. 1.